Events of the year 1955

Major Events of 1955

* Germany becomes a member of NATO

# Vienna Treaty restores Austrian independence

# Geneva summit

# First McDonald's resturaunt opens

# Military coup ousts Peron

# Mirage unveiled

# U-2 tested

Sports

NBA: Syracuse Nationals vs. Ft. Wayne Pistons Series: 4-3

NCAA Football: Oklahoma Record: 11-0-0

Heisman Trophy: Howard Cassady, ohio state, HB points: 2,219

Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings vs. Montreal Canadiens Series: 4-3

US Open Golf: Jack Fleck Score: 287 Course: Oak Hill CC Location: Rochester, NY

World Series: Brooklyn Dodgers vs. NY Yankees Series: 4-3

Popular Music

1. "Rock Around the Clock" ... Bill Haley and His Comets

2. "The Yellow Rose of Texas" ... Mitch Miller

3. "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" ... The Four Aces

4. "Autumn Leaves" ... Roger Williams

5. "Sixteen Tons" ... Tennessee Ernie Ford

Popular Movies

1. Cinerama Holiday

2. Mister Roberts

3. Battle Cry

4. 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

5. Not a Stranger

6. The Country Girl

7. The Lady and the Tramp

8. Strategic Air Command

9. To Hell and Back

10. Sea Chase

Academy Awards

Best Picture: "Marty"

Best Director: Delbert Mann..."Marty"

Best Actor: Ernest Borgnine..."Marty"

Best Actress: Anna Magnani..."The Rose Tattoo"

Nobel Prizes

Chemistry

DU VIGNEAUD, VINCENT, U.S.A., Cornell University, New York, NY, b. 1901, d. 1978: "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone"

Literature

LAXNESS, HALLDOR KILJAN, Iceland, b. 1902, d. 1998: "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"

Peace

The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

Physiology or Medicine

THEORELL, AXEL HUGO THEODOR, Sweden, Nobel Medical Institute, Stockholm, b. 1903, d. 1982: "for his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes"

Physics

The prize was divided equally between: LAMB, WILLIS EUGENE, U.S.A., Stanford University, Stanford, CA, b. 1913: "for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum"; and KUSCH, POLYKARP, U.S.A., Columbia University, New York, NY, b. 1911 (in Blankenburg, then Germany), d. 1993: "for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron"

Pulitzer Prizes

Drama: Tennessee Williams ... "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof"

Fiction: William Faulkner ... "A Fable"

History: Paul Horgan ... "Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History"

International Reporing: Harrison E. Salisbury ... "New York Times"

National Reporting: Anthony Lewis ... "Washington Daily News"

Public Service: "Columbus (GA) Ledger" & "Sunday Ledger-Inquirer"

Tony Awards

Best Play: "The Desperate Hours" ... Joseph Hayes

Best Musical: "The Pajama Game"

Best Actor in a play: Alfred Lunt ... "Quadrille"

Best Actress in a play: Nancy Kelly ... "Bad Seed"

Best Actor in a musical: Walter Slezak ... "Fanny"

Best Actress in a musical: Mary Martin ... "Peter Pan"

Most Popular Books

Fiction

1." Marjorie Morningstar"... Herman Wouk. Doubleday

2."Auntie Marne"... Patrick Dennis. Vanguard Pres

3."Andersonville"... MacKinlay Kantor. World Publishing Co.

4."Bonjour Tristesse"... Francoise Sagan. Dutton

5."The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit... Sloan Wilson. Simon & Schuster

6."Something of Value"... Robert Ruark. Doubleday

7."Not As a Stranger"... Morton Thompson. Scribner

8."No Time for Sergeants"...Mac Hyman. Random House

9."The Tontine"... Thomas B. Costain. Doubleday

10. "Ten North Frederick"... John O'Hara. Random House

Nonfiction

1." Gift from the Sea"... Anne Morrow Lindbergh. Pantheon Books

2."The Power of Positive Thinking"... Norman Vincent Peale. Prentice-Hall

3."The Family of Man" ... Edward Steichen. Simon & Schuster and Maco Magazine Corp.

4."A Man Called Peter"... Catherine Marshall. McGraw-Hill

5."How to Live 365 Days a Year"... John A. Schindler. PrenticeHall

6."Better Homes and Gardens Diet Book". ...Meredith

7."The Secret of Happiness"... Billy Graham. Doubleday

8."Why Johnny Can't Read"... Rudolf Flesch. Harper

9."Inside Africa"... John Gunther. Harper

10. "Year of Decisions"... Harry S. Truman. Doubleday

Most Popular Television Shows

1. The $64,000 Question (CBS)

2. I Love Lucy (CBS)

3. The Ed Sullivan Show (CBS)

4. Disneyland (ABC)

5. The Jack Benny Show (CBS)

6. December Bride (CBS)

7. You Bet Your Life (NBC)

8. Dragnet (NBC)

9. The Millionaire (CBS)

10. I've Got a Secret (CBS)

Emmy Awards

Dramatic Awards: Peter Pan" (NBC)

Variety Show "Producer's Showcase" (NBC)

Situation Comedy "The Phil Silvers Show" (CBS)

New Show: "The Ed Sullivan Show" (CBS)